Folic acid, in other words vitamin B9, vitamin B11 or folacin, are water-soluble vitamins. In the active form, folic acid participates indirectly in the production and maintenance of the correct level of many neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitters such as: serotonin, dopamine and acetylcholine are responsible for important functions such as memory, clarity of mind, alertness and mood. Reducing folic acid intake can therefore lead to depression and cognitive decline. Folic acid also participates in the synthesis of nucleic acids from which DNA is produced. Thus, it regulates the growth and functioning of all cells. Low level of folic acid in the organism of a future mother is a risk factor for the development of fetal nervous system defects. Folic acid along with other B vitamins also affects the level of homocysteine, an amino acid that has an adequate level of influence on our health. The average and low concentrations of homocysteine are not a threat, its high concentration may disturb the physiological processes of cells. In particular, this applies to tissues subject to intensive development.

Folic acid is also necessary for the proper functioning of hematopoietic systems, and its deficiency can lead to anemia.


Symptoms of folic acid deficiencies:

Despite the common occurrence of folic acid in food, its deficiency is one of the most common deficiencies of all vitamins. Folic acid deficiency affects all cells of the body, most the rapidly dividing cells such as red blood cells, cells of the genital tract and the gastrointestinal tract.


Symptoms of folic acid deficiencies:

  • macrocytic anemia,
  • chronic liver disease,
  • cervical dysplasia,
  • diarrhea,
  • loss of apetite,
  • gum disease,
  • depression,
  • insomnia,
  • irritation,
  • memory deterioration,
  • feeling tired, loss of breath,
  • elevated levels of homocysteine and related atherosclerosis, neural tube defects,
  • preterm labour,
  • inhibition of growth,
  • cracks in the corners of the mouth.

Sources of folic acid in food:

Vegetables and fruits, e.g. broccoli, Brussels sprouts, spinach, legume seeds, oranges are a rich source of folic acid. Meat products are very poor in this ingredient, with the exception of liver.


Supplementation with folic acid:

Supplements which contain folic acid:

Folic acid F-folic acid 400 – 60 servings (Formeds)  – product available here